The Results of Archaeological Prospection of the Bridge (Site 68) near Stronghold at Czermno, Tomaszów Lubelski County
Rafał Solecki 1  
,   Michał Aniszewski 2  
,   Marek Poznański 3  
,   Katarzyna Zdeb 1  
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Instytut Archeologii Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Państwowe Muzeum Archeologiczne w Warszawie
Stowarzyszenie Naukowe Archeologów Polskich, Oddział w Warszawie
Publication date: 2020-01-28
Wiadomości Archeologiczne 2019;LXX:250–260
The settlement complex at Czermno (south-eastern Poland) (Fig. 1) is identified with Cherven, the main town of so-called Cherven Towns. On the basis of “The Primary Chronicle” and the results of previous archaeological research, it can be estimated that this site was functioning approximately from the middle of the 10th to the middle of the 13th century. The archaeological site consists of a stronghold, boroughs and cemeteries, located directly near the riverbank of the Huczwa River, on both banks. Some parts of this settlement complex are linked together with wooden bridges, whose relics are visible on the ground level of today’s meadows (Fig. 2, 3). The article presents the results of archaeological prospection of one such construction, located almost directly in front of the gate of the stronghold. During this project, a total of 68 piles were documented (Fig. 4, 5). The Digital Elevation Model allows us to estimate that the bridge was approximately 275 m long and 3 m wide. Radiocarbon analyses of four wood samples from the bridge have shown that the construction was probably built in the 2nd half of the 10th century and likely functioned uninterruptedly until the middle of the 13th century. Therefore, it would be one of the oldest constructions within the discussed archaeological site.