A Neolithic Anthropomorphic Stone Figurine from Tupadły, site 1, Inowrocław County
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Instytut Archeologii UR w Rzeszowie
„Testa” Pracownia Archeologiczna, ul. Gorkiego 37, 92-524 Łódź
Wiadomości Archeologiczne 2015;LXVI(66):313–317
The anthropomorphic stone figurine was discovered at Tupadły 1 in Kujawy (Fig. 1, 2), during a rescue excavation made in w 2014, directed by Andrzej Wójcik. The material of the figurine is an amphibolite pebble, presumably from a postglacial deposit. The local origin of its lithic resource suggests tha t the figurine was manufactured in the region. The figurine was discovered outside an archaeological feature, within the subsoil stratum. This prevents a closer determination of its chronology and culture attribution. Basing on indirect evidence, its similarity to figurines recorded elsewhere in Europe and their dating, and the broader context of the early Neolithic settlement in the region of present day Inowrocław, the figurine’s chronology may be assigned generally to the 5th millennium BC and attributed to the settlement of late Banded Pottery culture groups. If this proposal is accepted, this would be the first anthropomorphic stone statuette from Poland dating to the early Neolithic. Similar images are observed in the art dating to the 5th millennium recorded across much of Europe to the south and the south-east of the Carpathians. It is in this region, and in different cultural environments, that we need to seek the source of inspiration of the maker of the artefact from Tupadły. The exact location or even the region of origin cannot be specified. In any case, the figurine from Tupadły must be taken into account when studying the network of contacts and the information flow covering much of Europe in the 5th millennium BC.