The multicultural cemetery at Stary Targ in the light of literature, archival records and survived finds
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Państwowe Muzeum Archeologiczne w Warszawie, ul. Długa 52, 00-241 Warszawa
Publication date: 2005-12-31
Wiadomości Archeologiczne 2005;LVII(57):111–176
The multicultural cemetery at Stary Targ, distr. Malbork, woj. pomorskie (formerly, Altmark, Kr. Stuhm) was discovered in 1937. Investigation carried out the same year on 30 August – 4 September, 8–11, 21–25 and 27–28 September the team of Waldemar Heym, head (Leiter) of the Regional Museum “Westpreußen” in Kwidzyn (Heimatmuseum „Westpreußen” in Marienwerder). 432 grave assemblages of Lusatian, Oksywie, and Wielbark cultures were explored during less than 17 days. The investigation of the cemetery at Stary Targ was only briefly mentioned in literature and never published in full. At present it is documented by drawings of pottery and selected finds made by Waldemar Heym, held by the Museum in Kwidzyn; the field diary did not survive and the photographic record cannot be located. A few score artefacts which survived the war are in keeping of the Museum in Kwidzyn and the Archaeological Museum in Gdańsk. Basing on the surviving W. Heym files, complemented by published data and the review of museum collections, it is possible to make at least a partial reconstruction of 201 grave inventories from Stary Targ. Unfortunately in most cases the funerary rite cannot be established. A small number of oldest graves dating from Hallstatt C may be associated with Lusatian culture. Grave assemblages of Oksywie culture date from phases A2–A3 of the PreRoman Period. The largest number of graves is associated with Wielbark culture and cover all its phases of development, spanning phase B1 of the Roman Period and the early phase of the Migration Period (phase D).