The ‘Firedog’ from the Settlement at Chyżyny, Mińsk Mazowiecki County
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Siedleckie Towarzystwo Naukowe, ul. Żytnia 39, PL 08-100 Siedlce
Wiadomości Archeologiczne 2017;LXVIII:266–269
The fieldwalking survey made in autumn of 2016 (AZP 61-73) on the settlement site at Chyżyny 4, Mińsk Mazowiecki County in south-eastern Mazowsze region (Fig. 1), brought in three finds of Jastorf Culture pottery. One of them, orange-red in colour, 4.0×3.2 cm, 1.6 cm thick (Fig. 2:c), was identified as a fragment of a so-called ‘firedog’ still retaining parts of its upper and later surfaces. Fired clay ‘firedog’ figurines from Polish finds have been attributed to the Jastorf Culture settlement and influences, and to the migration of this population – the Germanic Scirii and Bastarnae – from Jutland and northern Germany through the Polish territory to Moldavia, where they gave rise to the Poieneşti-Lucaşeuca Culture. The ‘firedog’ found in the settlement at Chyżyny presumably was roughly rectangular in shape, with a lightly recessed top and flat side surfaces. One of the lateral surfaces is covered by a pattern of engraved horizontal lines with, between them, lightly diagonal jab-marks forming something like a broken line. It is possible that the solid lines and the jab-marks were made alternately, this is suggested by the presence of now worn traces of what appears to be one more series of jab-marks. The ‘firedog’ from Chyżyny resembles type II:1 in the classification of M. Babeş (1993). This type is recorded in larger number in Moldavia and in eastern Poland, suggesting not only contacts between these areas but also the region where they were produced. Being a stray find the figurine from Chyżyny may be dated only within the broad chronological confines of phases A1 and A2 of the Late Pre-Roman Period. The number of ‘firedogs’ found in Poland is small. To date they have been recorded in 19 archaeological sites (Fig. 3, List 1).